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Leather Terminology

Aniline Dyed: The process of colouring leather throughout with transparent dyes. This form of dye completely penetrates the hide with colour. A true aniline leather has no surface coating.


Antiqued: Leather that is basically hand rubbed with a contrasting dye after the base coat has dried.


Bonded: Leather scraps are ground up, mixed with Polyurethane (PU) and bonded to fabric or splits.


Buffing: Hides are often buffed with an abrasive wheel to minimize the appearance of gross surface imperfections.


Corrected Grain: Hides whose original surface pattern or surface structure has been altered to remove or hide marks.


Dyeing: The application of color.


Embossing: A process in which design is added to the leather by pressure.


Finishing: Any post tanning treatment such spraying, lacquering, antiquing, waxing, dyeing, rolling, buffing, embossing, pressing, glazing, waterproofing, and flame proofing etc.


Grain: The distinctive pore and wrinkle pattern of a hide; may be either natural or embossed.


Hides: Skin of large animals, usually cattle.


Leather: All hides and skins which have been tanned to preserve them.


Matte: Dull finish.


Patina: A luster that develops over time on pure aniline hides.


Pigment Finish: The colouring of a hide using a dye with opaque pigments.


Semi-Aniline: An additional step in aniline dyeing involving the addition of matching pigments to even out colour.


Split Leather: The underneath layer of a hide which has been split of when the top grain of the hide is removed.


Splitting: cutting a hide into two or more layers.


Tanning: A chemical process converting a raw hide into a stable product which is no longer susceptible to decay.


Top Grain: The upper layer of the hide.